The New York City Subway is a rapid transit system that serves four of the five boroughs of New York City in the U.S. state of New York: the Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, and Queens. Its predecessors—the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT), the Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT), and the Independent Subway System (IND)—were consolidated in 1940. Since then, stations of the New York City Subway have been permanently closed, either entirely or in part.
The largest number of closed New York City Subway stations consist of stations on abandoned and demolished elevated lines once operated by the IRT and the BMT, both of which were privately held companies. After their takeover by the City of New York (the IND was already owned and operated by New York City), the three former systems were no longer in competition with each other. Thus, elevated lines that duplicated underground lines were the first to close. Other elevated lines that did not create a redundancy in the system, such as the Bronx portion of the IRT Third Avenue Line and a major portion of the BMT Myrtle Avenue Line were later demolished. Two stations in which sections of track still operate have been demolished. The Dean Street station was demolished as part of the rebuilding of the BMT Franklin Avenue Line, and the Cortlandt Street station of the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line was demolished after it sustained heavy damage caused by the September 11 attacks.
The remaining closed stations and portions of stations are intact and are abandoned. The exception is the Court Street station: it is the site of the New York Transit Museum, a museum that documents the history of public transportation in New York City. The closed outer platforms of the Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets station are occasionally used for filming purposes. The criterion for closing stations, as explained by spokesman Charles Seaton, is not “because of low ridership. The only reason we have closed a station is because of its proximity to another station… The smaller stations are just as necessary as the larger ones.”
Permanently closed but existing stations
These stations are still intact but are not currently served by passenger trains. This list does not include closed platforms on a different level of an open station. For the one station that is currently closed on a temporary basis, see “Reopened and temporarily closed stations” below.
|18th Street||A (IRT)||Lexington Avenue Line||Manhattan||October 27, 1904||November 8, 1948||Between 23rd Street and 14th Street – Union Square. Closed after platform lengthening of both adjacent stations and the opening of new entrances at 22nd Street and 15th Street deemed the 18th Street station to be within proximity.|
|91st Street||A (IRT)||Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line||Manhattan||October 27, 1904||February 2, 1959||Between 96th Street and 86th Street. Closed after platform lengthening of the 96th Street platforms deemed the station to be within proximity.|
|Anderson–Jerome Avenues||A (IRT)||Ninth Avenue elevated||Bronx||July 1, 1918||August 31, 1958||North of the 155th Street station, the elevated line crossed the Harlem River and went into a tunnel, much like the 125th Street subway station comes out of the tunnel onto a high viaduct. This was done in both places to keep the grade of the tracks relatively level. Closed with the discontinuation of the Polo Grounds Shuttle.|
|City Hall Loop||A (IRT)||Lexington Avenue Line||Manhattan||October 27, 1904||December 31, 1945||South of Brooklyn Bridge – City Hall on a curved balloon loop. Closed due to low ridership, short platform length and the proximity of the busier Brooklyn Bridge – City Hall station. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places.|
|Court Street||B (IND)||Fulton Street Line||Brooklyn||April 9, 1936||June 1, 1946||West of Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets. Closed due to low ridership and proximity to other Downtown Brooklyn stations. Site now houses the New York Transit Museum.|
|Myrtle Avenue||B (BMT)||Fourth Avenue Line||Brooklyn||June 22, 1915||July 1956||Between the Manhattan Bridge and DeKalb Avenue. Closed due to proximity to DeKalb Avenue and construction of a flying junction to ease a choke point in the area. The southbound platform no longer exists; the northbound platform now houses the Masstransiscope zoetrope artwork by Bill Brand visible from Manhattan-bound trains coming from the local track at DeKalb Avenue.|
|Sedgwick Avenue||A (IRT)||Ninth Avenue elevated||Bronx||July 1, 1918||August 31, 1958||North of the 155th Street station, the elevated line crossed the Harlem River and went into a tunnel similarly to how the 125th Street subway station comes out of the tunnel onto a high viaduct. This was done in both places to keep the grade of the tracks relatively level. Closed with the discontinuation of the Polo Grounds Shuttle.|
|South Ferry||A (IRT)||Lexington Avenue Line||Manhattan||July 10, 1905||February 13, 1977||Inner platform of station; south of Bowling Green on a curved balloon loop. Closed due to low ridership, specialized rolling stock requirement and proximity to Bowling Green.|
|Worth Street||A (IRT)||Lexington Avenue Line||Manhattan||October 27, 1904||September 1, 1962||Between Canal Street and Brooklyn Bridge – City Hall. Closed after platform lengthening of the Brooklyn Bridge – City Hall platforms deemed the station to be within proximity.|